Cannabis Cheat Sheet

Learn the cannabis basics and understand what you’re buying.

1

Ways to consume cannabis

Cannabis comes in many different forms. To choose what form of cannabis to buy, first decide how you plan to consume it.

Method How it works Forms of cannabis to buy Onset Duration Pros Cons
Smoking Dried cannabis flowers can be smoked in a pipe, bong or a joint

Dried flower

Pre-rolled joint

Extract

Within seconds of inhalation From 1-3 hours

Most control of strain, source, and cannabinoid content from using raw flower

Effects felt almost instantly

More affordable

Contains carcinogens

Inconsistent potency between each batch

Harsher on lungs

Vaping Using a vaporizer to heat the cannabis until it produces a vapour, which is then inhaled

Vape cartridge liquid

Disposable vape pen

Dried flower (For steam chalice only)

Oil

Within seconds of inhalation From 1-3 hours

More subtle, less odorous than smoking

No smoke inhalation

More control over the dose

More convenient setup

Can be more expensive

Some require hours of recharging

Edible Food and beverages that have been infused with cannabis

Edible

Oil (To make homemade edibles)

Dried Flower (To make homemade edibles)

15 minutes to 2 hours Roughly 4-6 hours

Effects last longer

Discreet and convenient

No toxicity from smoking

Not instantaneous

More difficult to dose correctly because of delayed onset

Improper storage or labeling (especially when sharing) can lead to overconsumption

Tincture Liquid cannabis concentrate that’s created with alcohol and applied under the tongue

Dried flower (To make homemade tincture)

Oil

Concentrate (To make homemade tincture)

15-30 minutes A couple to several hours

Long lasting and fast onset

Discreet, convenient and no odour

Easy to dose accurately

No toxicity from smoking

Better availability of less common

Alcohol content may not be preferable to some
Might have unpleasant taste
Pricier 
Topical Lotion, balm or oil that has been infused with cannabis and can be applied on the skin. The effects are just felt locally.

Topical

Oil

5 minutes to 2 hours Up to 12 hours

Targets localized pain and inflammation

No psychoactive effects

Very discreet

No inhalation required

Some products may contain parabens or artificial fragrances
Oil Made by extracting cannabinoids into a carrier oil. Often applied under the tongue Oil 15 minutes to 1 hour 4-10 hours

Fast onset
Discreet, convenient and no odour 

Easy to dose accurately

No toxic chemicals

No lung or throat irritation

Availability of pure CBD

Pricier
Dabbing (For high tolerance users only) Heating a small amount of highly potent cannabis concentrate or extract to create a vapor which is inhaled. Extract Seconds after inhalation 1-3 hours

High potency for serious and immediate relief

Heightened flavor and taste

Less odorous than smoking

Easier on lungs than smoking

May be contaminated if made incorrectly

Releases carcinogens

Quickly raises tolerance with regular use

May cause negative effects if user is inexperienced

2

What are THC and CBD?

THC and CBD are two types of cannabinoids. Each strain has different levels of THC and CBD, which affect your mind and body in different ways.

What is THC (Short for tetrahydrocannabinol) What is CBD (Short for cannabidiol) When CBD is combined with THC
  • The only cannabinoid that can make you high
  • Can cause a range of effects, such as relaxation, energy, hunger, sedation, memory impairment laughter
  • Affects each person differently
  • Relaxes your mind and body
  • Offers many therapeutic benefits
  • Doesn’t make you high on its own
  • Alters how THC affects you
  • CBD makes the high from THC more relaxing
  • CBD tones down the high from THC
  • CBD makes THC effects last longer
THC-Dominant CBD-Dominant
Very psychoactive Very low psychoactivity
Shorter lasting Longer lasting
Uplifting Body and mind relaxation
Euphoric Clear-headed
Soothing Soothing

3

How strong

This depends on your experience level and of course, how high you want to get. We measure potency by THC. That’s because THC is the only chemical that can make you high.

Find the right THC range for you (Measured by total THC %):

How potent? TOTAL THC % What does ‘total THC %’ mean?
  • Minimal
  • Very mild
  • Mild
  • Medium
  • Strong
  • Very strong
  • 0 – 1.99%
  • 2 – 6.99%
  • 7 – 11.99%
  • 12 – 16.99%
  • 17 – 20%
  • < 20%

We measure THC potency as a percentage of the total cannabis weight. So if a product is labelled 20% THC, it means that 20% of the total content is made up of THC, which is strong. 

Important to note:

  • This is only based on the potency when the dried flower is activated (ie lit up). So don’t bother eating it raw.
  • THC content in dried flower often varies from batch to batch. If it’s important that you know the exact potency, you may want to try another form, like oils or capsules.

4

All about terpenes

Each cannabis strain contains a different set of terpenes. These are aromatic oils that give a strain its unique scent and flavour, and can affect your body and mind. Each terpene offers something a little different. You can filter your search by the terpenes you like.

Most common terpenes

Myrcene

Earthy, fruity
Associated with relaxation

Pinene

Woody, pine, rosemary, orange peels
Associated with alertness and focus

Caryophyllene

Spicy, woody, black pepper, cloves
Associated with mind and body relaxation

Humulene

Hoppy beer, earthy green
Associated with relaxation

Limonene

Citrus, lemon, lime, orange
Associated with mood boosting and energizing effects

Terpinolene

Sweet, floral, fruity, apple, pear
Associated with uplifting effects

Linalool

Floral, sweet, lavender
Associated with mood boosting and relaxation

5

How much to buy

Dried cannabis flower can be bought in different quantities. The smallest amount you can buy is 1g. The most you can legally buy at a time is 30g. The more you buy at a time, the cheaper the cost per gram.

As a reference, 1g = 1 large joint or 2 small joints 

1

Ways to consume cannabis

Cannabis comes in many different forms. To choose what form of cannabis to buy, first decide how you plan to consume it.

Method Smoking
How it works Dried cannabis flowers can be smoked in a pipe, bong or a joint
Forms of cannabis to buy

Dried flower

Pre-rolled joint

Extract

Onset Within seconds of inhalation
Duration From 1-3 hours
Pros

Most control of strain, source, and cannabinoid content from using raw flower

Effects felt almost instantly

More affordable

Cons

Contains carcinogens

Inconsistent potency between each batch

Harsher on lungs

Method Vaping
How it works Using a vaporizer to heat the cannabis until it produces a vapour, which is then inhaled
Forms of cannabis to buy

Vape cartridge liquid

Disposable vape pen

Dried flower (For steam chalice only)

Oil

Onset Within seconds of inhalation
Duration From 1-3 hours
Pros

More subtle, less odorous than smoking

No smoke inhalation

More control over the dose

More convenient setup

Cons

Can be more expensive

Some require hours of recharging

Method Vaping
How it works Using a vaporizer to heat the cannabis until it produces a vapour, which is then inhaled
Forms of cannabis to buy

Vape cartridge liquid

Disposable vape pen

Dried flower (For steam chalice only)

Oil

Onset Within seconds of inhalation
Duration From 1-3 hours
Pros

More subtle, less odorous than smoking

No smoke inhalation

More control over the dose

More convenient setup

Cons

Can be more expensive

Some require hours of recharging

Method Edible
How it works Food and beverages that have been infused with cannabis
Forms of cannabis to buy

Edible

Oil (To make homemade edibles)

Dried Flower (To make homemade edibles)

Onset 15 minutes to 2 hours
Duration Roughly 4-6 hours
Pros

Effects last longer

Discreet and convenient

No toxicity from smoking

Cons

Not instantaneous

More difficult to dose correctly because of delayed onset

Improper storage or labeling (especially when sharing) can lead to overconsumption

Method Tincture
How it works Liquid cannabis concentrate that’s created with alcohol and applied under the tongue
Forms of cannabis to buy

Dried flower (To make homemade tincture)

Oil

Concentrate (To make homemade tincture)

Onset 15-30 minutes
Duration A couple to several hours
Pros

Long lasting and fast onset

Discreet, convenient and no odour

Easy to dose accurately

No toxicity from smoking

Better availability of less common

Cons Alcohol content may not be preferable to some
Might have unpleasant taste
Pricier
Method Topical
How it works Lotion, balm or oil that has been infused with cannabis and can be applied on the skin. The effects are just felt locally.
Forms of cannabis to buy

Topical

Oil

Onset 5 minutes to 2 hours
Duration Up to 12 hours
Pros

Targets localized pain and inflammation

No psychoactive effects

Very discreet

No inhalation required

Cons Some products may contain parabens or artificial fragrances
Method Oil
How it works Made by extracting cannabinoids into a carrier oil. Often applied under the tongue
Forms of cannabis to buy Oil
Onset 15 minutes to 1 hour
Duration 4-10 hours
Pros

Fast onset
Discreet, convenient and no odour

Easy to dose accurately

No toxic chemicals

No lung or throat irritation

Availability of pure CBD

Cons Pricier
Method Dabbing (For high tolerance users only)
How it works Heating a small amount of highly potent cannabis concentrate or extract to create a vapor which is inhaled.
Forms of cannabis to buy Extract
Onset Seconds after inhalation
Duration 1-3 hours
Pros

High potency for serious and immediate relief

Heightened flavor and taste

Less odorous than smoking

Easier on lungs than smoking

Cons

May be contaminated if made incorrectly

Releases carcinogens

Quickly raises tolerance with regular use

May cause negative effects if user is inexperienced

2

What are THC and CBD?

THC and CBD are two types of cannabinoids. Each strain has different levels of THC and CBD, which affect your mind and body in different ways.

What is THC (Short for tetrahydrocannabinol)
  • The only cannabinoid that can make you high
  • Can cause a range of effects, such as relaxation, energy, hunger, sedation, memory impairment laughter
  • Affects each person differently
What is CBD (Short for cannabidiol)
  • Relaxes your mind and body
  • Offers many therapeutic benefits
  • Doesn’t make you high on its own
  • Alters how THC affects you
When CBD is combined with THC
  • CBD makes the high from THC more relaxing
  • CBD tones down the high from THC
  • CBD makes THC effects last longer
THC-Dominant
Very psychoactive
Shorter lasting
Uplifting
Euphoric
Soothing
CBD-Dominant
Very low psychoactivity
Longer lasting
Body and mind relaxation
Clear-headed
Soothing

3

How Strong

This depends on your experience level and of course, how high you want to get. We measure potency by THC. That’s because THC is the only chemical that can make you high.
Find the right THC range for you (Measured by total THC %):

How potent? TOTAL THC %
  • Minimal
  • Very mild
  • Mild
  • Medium
  • Strong
  • Very strong
  • 0 – 1.99%
  • 2 – 6.99%
  • 7 – 11.99%
  • 12 – 16.99%
  • 17 – 20%
  • < 20%
What does ‘total THC %’ mean?
We measure THC potency as a percentage of the total cannabis weight. So if a product is labelled 20% THC, it means that 20% of the total content is made up of THC, which is strong.

Important to note:

  • This is only based on the potency when the dried flower is activated (ie lit up). So don’t bother eating it raw.
  • THC content in dried flower often varies from batch to batch. If it’s important that you know the exact potency, you may want to try another form, like oils or capsules.

4

All about terpenes

Each cannabis strain contains a different set of terpenes. These are aromatic oils that give a strain its unique scent and flavour, and can affect your body and mind. Each terpene offers something a little different. You can filter your search by the terpenes you like.

Most common terpenes

Myrcene

Earthy, fruity
Associated with relaxation

Pinene

Woody, pine, rosemary, orange peels
Associated with alertness and focus

Caryophyllene

Spicy, woody, black pepper, cloves
Associated with mind and body relaxation

Humulene

Hoppy beer, earthy green
Associated with relaxation

Limonene

Citrus, lemon, lime, orange
Associated with mood boosting and energizing effects

Terpinolene

Sweet, floral, fruity, apple, pear
Associated with uplifting effects

Linalool

Floral, sweet, lavender
Associated with mood boosting and relaxation

5

How much to buy

Dried cannabis flower can be bought in different quantities. The smallest amount you can buy is 1g. The most you can legally buy at a time is 30g. The more you buy at a time, the cheaper the cost per gram.

As a reference, 1g = 1 large joint or 2 small joints

I'm new. What should I do?

If you’re just starting out, follow the golden rule:

Start low, go slow until you know

  1. Choose a strain with lower THC level
  2. Try a bit at a time
  3. See how your body reacts
  4. Adjust accordingly

Why we don't care about indica and sativa

When people classify cannabis by indica or sativa, they’re doing it wrong. Sativa and indica are 2 types of cannabis plants that may look different from each other, but are no different when it comes to the effects. We wish the industry was more honest about that.

At one point, it may have been possible to predict the effects a plant would have, but our industry has interbred these two plants to such a degree that there’s no longer a pure indica or sativa plant.

I'm new. What should I do?

If you’re just starting out, follow the golden rule:

Start low, go slow until you know

  1. Choose a strain with lower THC level
  2. Try a bit at a time
  3. See how your body reacts
  4. Adjust accordingly

Why we don't care about indica and sativa

When people classify cannabis by indica or sativa, they’re doing it wrong. Sativa and indica are 2 types of cannabis plants that may look different from each other, but are no different when it comes to the effects. We wish the industry was more honest about that.

At one point, it may have been possible to predict the effects a plant would have, but our industry has interbred these two plants to such a degree that there’s no longer a pure indica or sativa plant.

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